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A catheterization laboratory or cath lab is an examination room in a hospital or clinic with diagnostic imaging equipment used to visualize the arteries of the heart and the chambers of the heart and treat any stenosis or abnormality found.

Most catheterization laboratories are “single plane” facilities, those that have a single X-ray generator source and an image intensifier. Older cath labs used cine film to record the information obtained, but since 2000, most new facilities are digital. The latest digital cath labs are biplane (have two X-ray sources) and digital, flat panel labs.

A typical ‘Cath Lab’ will consist of:

  • Patient Couch
  • A floor or ceiling mounted Image intensifier
  • Set of viewing monitors
  • Realtime ECG/Blood pressure/Oxygen Saturation measurements with software to record and measure these when needed
  • Injector Pump used for imaging the Left Ventricle or Aorta
  • X-ray software for the recording and playback of the Fluoroscopy runs acquired during the procedure
  • Diagnostic Catheters
  • Guide catheters
  • Guidewires
  • Angioplasty balloons
  • Stents (drug eluting and bare metal)
  • Sheaths
  • Closure devices
  • General nursing supplies
  • Defibrillator
  • Drugs
  • Wireless Headset Systems for Cath Labs
  • Recovery bays
  • Reporting station
  • Scrub area