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An Operation Theater is a facility within a hospital where surgical operations are carried out in a sterile environment. Historically, the term “operating theatre” referred to a non-sterile, tiered theater or amphitheater in which students and other spectators could watch surgeons perform surgery.

Operation Theater equipment

  • The operating table in the center of the room can be raised, lowered, and tilted in any direction.
  • The operating room lights are over the table to provide bright light, without shadows, during surgery.
  • The anesthesia machine is at the head of the operating table. This machine has tubes that connect to the patient to assist him or her in breathing during surgery, and built-in monitors that help control the mixture of gases in the breathing circuit.
  • The anesthesia cart is next to the anesthesia machine. It contains the medications, equipment, and other supplies that the anesthesiologist may need.
  • Sterile instruments to be used during surgery are arranged on a stainless steel table.