Obesity or being extremely overweight, BMI >30 Kg/M2 increases the risk of health concerns including heart disease and stroke, hypertension, typeII diabetes, infertility, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, gout, breathing problems such as sleep apnea and asthma, and even cancer. These are called comorbidities of obesity. Weight loss is imperative as the side effects of obesity are life-threatening, and mortality is high because of heart disease and other comorbidities.
Without weight loss, all these diseases over a while will progress to end-stage. The primary cause for all these diseases must be identified & eliminated. All obese individuals might need medical and surgical help, in addition to dietary changes and exercises.
When BMI > 32.5 along with any other comorbidities, this is where bariatric surgery or weight loss surgery can help the patients come into a healthy weight range and all comorbid diseases resolution.
These weight-loss surgeries work in one of two ways :
They either reduce the size of the stomach (restrictive) or reduce the number of calories absorbed (malabsorptive).
Common surgical bariatric procedures are –
- Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy
- Laparoscopic mini gastric bypass
- Laparoscopic gastric bypass
- Most common of them, the sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass surgery are done to help lose excess weight and reduce the risk of potentially life-threatening weight-related health problems, including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Type 2 diabetes and stroke.
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomyis stomach stapling which decreases the size of the stomach so a person feels full quickly. Whereas a normal stomach holds four to six cups of food, stomach stapling reduces this capacity to one cup. The gastric sleeve surgery reduces the size of the stomach by about 80 percent.
Malabsorptive procedures like Laparoscopic Gastric bypass involve creating a diversion that allows food to bypass parts of the small intestine, leading to fewer calories being absorbed. So even if patients eat he can still lose weight.All of these bariatric surgeries can be performed through minimally invasive laparoscopic technique, so the patient can be discharged in 1 day.
Ramesh Hospitals has a bariatric team of dedicated doctors which includes a physician, an endocrinologist, pulmonologist, cardiologist, nutritionist and a bariatric surgeon, bringing years of their expertise in their field to evaluate the obesity patients, as well as inpatient care.
With safety being the top priority these patients are required to undergo extensive screening by the Bariatric team of doctors to determine whether they meet certain medical criteria to undergo bariatric surgery.
At Ramesh Hospitals, patients can avail all types of bariatric surgery procedures and later body contouring if needed.